Philippeion - Macedonian King Phillip II (father of Alexander the Great) had this circular Memorial built after he won the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 B.C. which made him the "de facto" ruler of all of Greece. It contained gold and ivory statues of him his mother and father. Olympias (his 4th wife) and Alexander the Great. It is the only temple in the temple area of Olympia that is dedicated to humans.